The majority of motor homes and camper vans is classified as passenger vehicles in vehicle category M1 since their number of seats rarely exceeds 9: „Vehicles used for the carriage of passengers and comprising not more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat“ (World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations WP.29 sec. 2.2.1).
Since M1 vehicles are not allowed to use conspicuity markings pursuant to ECE 104 which is defined in sec. 22.214.171.124 of ECE 48: „Prohibited: on vehicles of categories M1 and O1“, motor homes and camper vans cannot be equipped with conspicuity tape. However, vehicles in vehicle category M with 9+ seats are allowed but not required to use conspicuity tapes.
Caravans are classified as trailers in vehicle category O. Trailers with a max. weight of 0.75 tonnes (O1) are not allowed to use conspicuity tapes. Caravans exceeding 0.75 tonnes, however, are allowed to use conspicuity marking pursuant to ECE 104 and are even required to do so when exceeding 3.5 tonnes.
Find an overview of the use of conspicuity tape by vehicle category in our blog post about Conspicuity Tapes .
Depending on the country you are traveling to, your rolling home might need different types of signs and markings such as speed labels, warning signs for Spain and Italy or “angles morts” signs for France. Find an overview about all signs and plates on our site Marking and Signs for Motor Homes and Caravans.